Germina Veris is a peer-reviewed, online, open access journal dedicated to publishing outstanding papers, research notes, transcribed primary documents, or translations by senior History students at Eastern Connecticut State University. Each semester students produce original, thought-provoking research on a variety of topics. Germina Veris – “the buds of spring” – makes some of this work available to the general public. Each article is carefully considered by specialists in the field based on the depth of original research, its contribution to existing scholarship, and the scientific rigor of its analysis.
Bethany Niebanck, “The Harp, the Stars, and the Dollar: Irish Immigrants and their Motivations for Fighting in the Union Army during the American Civil War” (5-24)
An estimated 150,000 Irish Americans served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Why did these immigrants enlist and how did they feel about fighting in their adopted land? This article argues that while some were motivated by love and loyalty to the states they had settled in, others wanted to demonstrate that Irish Catholics could be good citizens, to improve their status in society, or to find good incomes in difficult economic times.
Large numbers of Italians began to enter the United States in the 1880s and continued to arrive into the early 1920s, following the unification of the Italian peninsula during the 1860s. Economic possibilities that were not present in the homeland was available in the increasingly industrial United States after the American Civil War. The article argues that a culture of work ethic, ethnic unity amongst second generation Italian Americans, and the decision to settle permanently are all major factors that contributed to Italian American success in small but growing cities such as Hartford, Connecticut, into the 1930s.
Margaret Kurnyk, “Bases of Integration: Immigrants and Baseball in Willimantic, 1910-1939” (48-68)
What did baseball meant to immigrants? This article argues that the popularity and commonness of baseball in early twentieth century America provided potential for it to be used as a means of integration. In Willimantic, the American Thread Company (ATCO) established baseball leagues as a way to organize and control immigrant workers, and its teams are an example of industrial paternalism and Americanization. These leagues were used as a way to expose immigrants to life in their new country and town. A second type of league, ethnic leagues, were formed by immigrants as a way to socialize, and provided an atmosphere of comradery and familiarity with people from their homeland.
Jared M. Leitzel, “Advertising the Great War: How the War Was Won on the Homefront and How Ad Men and the Government Merged” (69-98)
Six days after the United States entered the Great War, President Wilson signed into existence the Committee on Public Information (CPI), also known as the Creel Committee. Its job was to sell the war to the American public and it received enthusiastic support from advertising companies. Focusing primarily on newspaper advertising in Connecticut, this article demonstrates that advertisers combined wartime propaganda with new persuasive techniques to sell their products and patriotism at the same time.
Christopher Morris, “Got a Donkey in the Crosshairs: The Partisan Anticommunism of Senator Joseph McCarthy” (99-114)
Through an analysis of Senator Joseph McCarthy’s speech at the Palmer House Hotel in Chicago on October 27, 1952, this article shows that McCarthy saw his campaign not only as a war between liberty and communism, but a war between liberalism and conservatism. This speech represented the culmination of McCarthy’s partisan efforts of the previous two years and was a significant blow to the Democratic campaign for the presidency that eventually went to the Republican candidate, Dwight Eisenhower.